Fasting Before the Eid al-Adha
Fasting Before Idul Adha intentions –
Fasting before Eid al- Adha , also known as fasting Arafat . Because it is done at the time of millions of pilgrims gathered in the field carrying out wukuf Arafat . Standing alone is obligatory worship as a part of the pillars of hajj pilgrim candidates must be met .
Standing at Arafat which is the culmination of the pilgrimage refinement carried out on the 9th of Dhu al-Hijjah is based on the Islamic calendar . At this moment who are not Muslims are encouraged to fast implement wukuf , including us here in the homeland .
Fasting Before Idul Adha intention Arabic or Indonesian ?
Matter the language we use to intend also sometimes be a debate . So , we should understand that God , the God of the universe , understand all the languages that exist in the universe .
So do not let the problems of language and intention to be an obstacle for us to practice their religion . Intentions can be done in a careful and use whatever language we understand . However , if we want to pronounce and use Arabic , also there are no restrictions that prevent .
Congratulations sunnah fasting Idul Adha , do not forget those who are able , should sacrifice .
Intention Reading Fasting Before Idul Adha
Although aga late . At least there might be who do not know and see my writing at this time .
Reading intentions Fasting Before Idul Adha :
Nawaitu ashoumul Arafat lilyaumil ghoddi lillahi Exalted
While the Prophet when fasting say : ” Dzahabaz zhama – u wabtallatil uruuqu watsabatal Ajru insha Allah ”
Meaning : ” It has gone thirsty and have wet urat2 and has remained reward insha Allah ”
However, although many people who say do not use Arabic fasting arafahnya fine . And for the intention of fasting Arafat or not open it too focuses on a particular reading . important intentions.
Terms Fasting Before the Eid al-Adha
Globally , the scholars disagree about bolehnya sunnah fasting before completed the qadla ‘ ( debt ) Ramadan in two opinions.
First , should the sunnah fasting before implementing qadla ‘ Ramadan . This is the opinion of Jumhur , either globally or makruh bolehnya . Hanafi madhhab allow for direct sunnah fasting before implementing qadla ‘ Ramadan because fasting qadla ‘ is not compulsory to be hastened , even very extensive obligations ( airy ) , and this is the history of Ahmad .
Meanwhile, Maliki and Shafi’i Madhab argue : but be makruh . Why , because busied himself with the sunnah of the qadla charity ‘ , which must be mengakhirkan .
Second , unclean sunnah fasting before implementing qadla ‘ Ramadan . This is the opinion of Hanbali Madhab .
That is authentic of the two opinions stating bolehnya is Sunnah to fast six days in Shawwal before paying fasting month of Ramadan . Because of the time ( opportunity ) qadla ‘ ( paying fasting Ramadan ) wide . While the opinion does not allow declaring invalid and require arguments , and there is no one who can be relied dalilpun for it . While there are arguments showing bolehnya to implement the sunnah fasting before Lent qadla ‘ , which is the word of Allah Ta’ala , ” . . . Then ( subject needs to be fast for him ) , as much as the day he left it , on the other days . ” ( Surat al – Baqara : 185 ) and the hadith Aisha radliyallaahu ‘ anha , ” I have a debt of Ramadan fasting , but I could not replace it unless in the month of Sha’ban . ” ( Narrated by Bukhari and Muslim )
And no doubt that Aiysah radliyallaahu ‘ anha implement sunnah fasting on the sidelines of the year , and must act Aisha became known to the Prophet sallallaahu ‘ alaihi wasallam . This means he agreed .
Hadith of fasting before Eid al-Adha
Fasting before Eid al-Adha is a very dianjukan worship by the Prophet. Muslims fast for one day before the Hajj Eid , the Sunnah legal muakkad ( very stressed ) . That is, although fasting before the sacrificial feast is sunnah , yet highly – highly recommended and preferred to be implemented , strongly recommended ! .
For those who perform fasting Arafat Prophet would pray that God will remove his sins for two years , namely : one year before and one year after . It is based on the hadith of the Prophet which means :
Fasting the day of Arafah , I hope to God , He will blot out ( sins ) one year before and one year thereafter . Fasting the day of ‘ Ashura ‘ ( 10th of Muharram ) , I hope to God , He will blot out ( sins ) of the previous year . ” ( Narrated by Muslim , no 1162 , from Abu Qatadah ) .
From Abu Qatadah radi ‘ anhu , that the Prophet sallallaahu ‘ alaihi wa ‘ ala alihi wasallam was asked about fasting on the day of ‘ Arafah , he said: ” He ( Fasting ‘ Arafah it ) to abort the sins of the previous year and beyond . ” ( HR . Muslims in 1162 )
Do not eat and do not drink too before the Prophet pray Eid al- Adha in the field . It is a habit of the Prophet as contained in the following hadith :
If before leaving for the Eid prayer the Prophet Muhammad first breakfast before Eid al-Adha prayers , the apostle is not new eating his breakfast and after praying ( Narrated by al- Tirmidhi , Ibn Majah , Ahmad ) .
Eid al- Adha Fasting Wisdom
Eid al- Adha fasting has the same wisdom with other fasting , either obligatory or sunnah . Wisdom of fasting is based on information from the clergy , which is certainly based on Al – Quran and Hadith . The wisdom of fasting including the following :
Educational process towards the spiritual devotion to Allah SWT .
Restraint in order to get used to each subject and obedient to the commandments of God, and trying to stay away from all of his ban .
One form of worship servitude to Allah SWT .
Education for the human spirit to strive in patience against all forms of suffering in carrying out his commands .
Train yourself to not always follow every whisper of human passions and desires .
Train yourself to remain alive as the teachings of Islam .
Means cultivate and foster an attitude of affection for fellow human beings .
Create a sense of brotherhood toward others , help each other , and sympathize people who are not wealthy.
Instill a sense of fear of Allah SWT , whether in overt or hidden .
Distance themselves from the consequences of the sins of transgression of His teachings . Because fasting is a means of penance man .
The process of self learning to train peringai and high moral behavior to others .
Fasting teaches patience , honesty , discipline , and determination in carrying out any work .
Fasting well lived to help people to think more clearly and calmly.
Encourage people to come to feel hungry and teach the need to establish solidarity with other people .
Prompts implementation fasting Idul Adha based on information hadith narrated by Imam Muslim . From Abu Qatadah anhu , that the Messenger of Allah . He said: ” Fasting the day of Arafah can erase the sins for two years . A year has passed and the year to come . ”
Implementation fasting should qualify . Based on the generality of scholarly opinion , there are five requirements of fasting , namely Muslims , including the age of legal age , sound intelligent , capable of implementing fast , settled or settled .
For those of you who will carry out the Eid al- Adha fasting , do not forget to intend in the liver prior to implementation. Complete the celebration of Eid al- Adha by sacrificing to draw closer to Allah SWT .
Hopefully all our deeds acceptable in the sight of Allah SWT . Amen !
Do Fasting on the day Tasyrik
In addition to fasting , a practice that is recommended in order to celebrate Eid al- Adha is : echo Takbir and dilaksanankan slaughtering sacrificial animals after the Id prayers until three days after the date of Dhu al-Hijjah 10 : 11 , 12 and 13 . Where the day -to-day Muslims are forbidden to fast because it is a day Tasyrik .
Prophet sent Abdullah Bin Huzhaqah to announce at Mina : “You are forbidden to fast on these days ( days tasyrik ) . It was a day to eat and drink as well as the remembrance of Allah . ” ( Hadith History of Imam Ahmad , hasan isnaad )
If fasting before Eid al- Adha is highly recommended , fasting on the day tasyrik is prohibited as well as fasting on Eid-ul- Fitr and Eid al- Adha . Prophet forbade fasting on two days , ie Eid-ul- Fitr and Eid al- Adha . ( Hadith History of Imam Muslim , Ahmad , an- Nasa’ie , Abu Dawud ) .
The Meaning of Eid al-Adha Fasting
Eid al- Adha fasting or fasting Arafat is fasting which falls on the 9th of Dhu al-Hijjah . Eid al- Adha fasting or fasting Arafat so named because when the pilgrims were before staying in the desert sun at Arafat . Eid al- Adha or fasting Arafat Fasting is recommended for those who are not on pilgrimage . While the pilgrimage was not prescribed fasting .
Regarding Arofah day , the Prophet sallallaahu ‘ alaihi wa sallam said ,
ما من يوم أكثر من أن يعتق الله فيه عبدا من النار من يوم عرفة وإنه ليدنو ثم يباهى بهم الملائكة فيقول ما أراد هؤلاء
” In the day that God has a lot to free a person from hell is Arofah day . He would approach them and will reveal their primacy in the angels . Then God said : What is desired by them ? ” ( Narrated by Muslim )
Ibn Rajab Al- Hanbali said , “Today is the day of liberation of Arofah hellfire . On that day , God will acquit anyone who was before staying in Arofah and the people of the land of the Muslims who do not carry out before staying . Therefore , day after day Arofah – the – day Eid al-Adha is a day of ‘ Eid for the Muslims all over the world . Both perform the Hajj and that does not carry it equally will be exempted from the fire and forgiveness on Arofah . ” ( Lathoif Al Maarif , 482 )
Regarding the primacy of Eid al-Adha or fasting Fasting is mentioned in the hadeeth of Abu Arafah Qotadah , the Prophet sallallaahu ‘ alaihi wa sallambersabda ,
صيام يوم عرفة أحتسب على الله أن يكفر السنة التى قبله والسنة التى بعده وصيام يوم عاشوراء أحتسب على الله أن يكفر السنة التى قبله
” Fasting Arofah can wash away a year ago and the year to come . Fasting Asyuro ( 10 Muharram ) will wash away a year ago . ” ( Narrated by Muslim ) .
This suggests that the Eid al -Adha or fasting Fasting Arafat was among the street to get forgiveness on the Day of Arafah . Just a day of fasting , can obtain forgiveness of sins for two years . Fadhilahnya incredible …
Arafat was a day of prayer mustajabnya time as mentioned in the hadith ,
خير الدعاء دعاء يوم عرفة وخير ما قلت أنا والنبيون من قبلى لا إله إلا الله وحده لا شريك له له الملك وله الحمد وهو على كل شىء قدير
“The best supplication is the supplication on the day Arofah . And best of what I said , so are spoken by the Prophets before me is saying ” Laa laa ilaha illa wahdahu syarika lah , lahul mulku walahul hamdu wa huwa ‘ ala kulli sya -in qodiir ( There is no god worthy of worship except Allah alone , not Him no partner . Have Him all the kingdoms , all praise and God controlled everything ) ” . ” ( Narrated by al- Tirmidhi , hasan )
Eid al- Adha brief Pengeritan
Eid al- Adha
Eid al- Adha ( in the Republic of Indonesia , Hari Raya Haji , Arabic: عيد الأضحى ) is an Islamic holidays . At today’s event commemorated the sacrifice , that is, when the prophet Ibrahim ( Abraham ) , who is willing to sacrifice his son Ishmael to God , to sacrifice his son Ismail , later replaced by him with the sheep .
On this feast day , Muslims gather early in the morning and perform the Eid prayers together in the field , such as when to celebrate Eid . After the prayer , done the slaughtering of sacrificial animals , to commemorate God’s command to Abraham to slaughter the sheep instead of his son.
Eid al- Adha falls on the 10th month of Dhu al-Hijjah , the day falls exactly 70 days after the celebration of Eid. Today is also the day -to-day along forbidden Tasyrik fasting for Muslims .
The center of the celebration of Eid al-Adha is a small village in Saudi Arabia called Mina , near Mecca . Here are three stone pillars representing the devil and should be stoned by Muslims who were riding Hajj .
Eid al- Adha is the peak day pilgrimage that Muslims carried out .
Definition of Fasting
Fasting is a voluntary action by abstaining from food , drink , or both , and the bad deeds of all the things that break the fast for a certain period of time . Absolute fasting is usually defined as abstinence from all food and liquid for a specified period , usually one day ( 24 hours ) , or several days . Other fasts may be only partially limit , restrict certain foods or substances . Fasting practices may preclude sexual and other activities as well as food .
Fasting and religion
Fasting is often done in the context of a religious pilgrimage or something obligations that must be done according to the Human kepercayaanya His religion .
Fasting in Islam
In Islam , fasting ( sawm also called ) , performed for a full month , the month of Ramadan and closed with Hari Raya Idul Fitri , refrain from eating and drinking and from any acts that may break the fast as deeds that are not included in the word good , do not fight , keep thinking , lust , and also to exercise patience , from dawn until sunset with intent . Corresponding commands in KITAP Muslims holy Quran fasting also help cultivate a good attitude . And all of it is expected to continue into the coming months , and not only in the fasting month ..
Fasting in the Catholic
In Catholicism , fasting means fasting According to Catholic schools full meal once a day (within 24 hours ) and two times less. Drinking water does not include about fasting . But nowadays more emphasis eat well one day hold the things of the world and keiginan keiginan flesh ( humans ) , like not eating not drinking , including abstinence , fasting attitudes , ways of thinking , tingka bad behavior , which can also Fasting on to include things that are most in love for the fasted in the world against the core keiginan conversions done during the 40 days before Easter or well known Lent . In addition to the official fasting personally advised Catholics to fast on other days of his own choosing as an expression of contrition and asceticism . In addition to fasting , the Church also has a habit of abstaining . Abstinence is done every Friday throughout the year , except when it coincided with Friday the feast of the ecclesiastical . In the days of fasting and abstinence , Catholics are expected to devote more time and attention to prayer , worship , perform penance and works of charity though .
Fasting in the Protestant
In Protestant , Protestant fasting beliefs is no different than the Catholic world against the will of the flesh ( human ) that is fast eating and drinking things that are not good in mind also tingka behavior , perotestan and Evangelicalism in the other there is also way in terms of Fasting certain things in addition to fast from food and drink that fasting is often done on a routine that his favorite example : fasting not watch tv or listen to the song fasting for 1 week , 1 month or within a certain time period , there are also other examples of the routine where if ‘re not fasting is difficult to avoid routine as that which in puasakan the Protestants, Catholics are also used to do this fast , because the core of the Christian fasting is abstinence , worldly keiginan . The purpose of fasting is also in accordance with Catholic teachings in the Bible ( the Gospel ) , the execution and tatacarannya membedakanya only . Protestant fasting is not based on the particular day to fast , but in a private Protestant belief that each man’s own decisive day of his own choosing to fast for 1 week , 1 month and the period of time chosen is expected to be longer continue in the following months . Personal melaksanakanya fasting in which as much as possible not in the know by relatives , relatives soudara , and the people around him at the time of fasting , fasting Protestants therefore not be announced officially . Protestant Christianity was not formally oblige to fast which means it has no special month of fasting , but the Chairman of each Church teaches his people as often as possible in order to make themselves Pray and Fast when the desire , sincerity itself is not due to coercion . Benchmark Catholic Christians fasted and Protestants alike take in the basic teachings of the Bible .
Fasting in Christian
In Christianity In general , the Doctrine of Christian Fasting point is repentance , against keiginan worldly , keiginan meat on meat mean in the sense of the meaning of Christian flesh is man himself human flesh because the Christians more often mention humans in certain words as your own flesh the lust of the flesh means the man himself , and also teaches fast as possible so as not inform or in the know to others who are fasting or others who are not fasting , including the secret of what he was going to start fasting , disguising his body so as not to be seen to be fasting from the another fellow even his own beliefs , which is why Christian Fasting in general a lot of unknown whereabouts by non-Christian beliefs and public media . In some Christian denominations and just implementation of procedures are different and tujuanya same core .
Fasting in the Jewish
In Jewish Fasting for Jews means to endure themselves entirely from food and drink , including water . Brush your teeth is forbidden on the major fast days of Yom Kippur and Tisha B’Av , but justified on the small days of fasting . Jews who observe fasting up to six days in one year . With the exception of Yom Kippur , fasting is not allowed on the Sabbath , because Sabbath pillars save it is according to the Bible ( the Gospel ) is determined to overcome the day – ari and fasting berinstitusi rabbi later . Yom Kippur is the only pillar which is specified in the Torah .
Fasting , often carried out in the framework of pilgrimage , also carried out religious obligation to improve the quality of one’s spiritual life is done . This sort of thing is often found in self hermit .
Fasting and health
According to the study , fasting healthy body .
The food is closely related to metabolic processes . Therefore , in certain medical examinations related to metabolic processes , such as checking blood glucose levels , patients are often required to fast before
Terms Obligatory Fasting
1 . Islam
Thus the disbelievers are not obliged to fast and are not obliged to make up the ‘ ( change ) so according jumhur ( majority ) scholars , even if they do still considered illegal . Only scholars differed in determining whether the requirement is a mandatory requirement of Islam or his legal requirement fasting ? And what lies behind them in this case is due to their differences in understanding the verses of fasting obligations , whether infidels included or not . ( read Surat Al Baqarah verse 183 )
According to the cleric Hanafiyah : unbelievers are not included in the obligation of fasting . While jumhur ( majority ) scholars argue that they are still included in every word of God . As such they undertake to perform all of Islamic law ( in which case they are obliged to convert to Islam then fasting ) . So according to the first opinion ( Hanafiyah ) they just menaggung blame on atheism as a second opinion ( Jumhur Ulama ) they bore the sin of infidelity and left the Shari’a .
So if there is an infidel to Islam in the month of Ramadan , he must carry out fast since then . As Allah says ” Say to the unbelievers that if they converted to Islam would have forgiven the past ” ( Surat al- Anfal : 38 ) .
2 & 3 . Aqil and Baligh ( sentient and go through puberty )
Fasting is not mandatory for small children ( not yet of legal age ) , crazy ( not rational ) and a drunk, because they do not include the mukallaf ( those who had entered in constitutional law ) , as in the hadith :
” Someone does not include the time before the legal age mukallaf , memory loss and a role in the sleep state ” .
4 & 5 , Able and Residential
Fasting is not obligatory upon the sick ( can not afford ) and are on the go ( not settle ) , but they are required to mengqadha’ her .
The terms mentioned above have had one more qualified than Ulemas Hanafiyah a requirement that all 6 are: Knowing the obligation of fasting ( such as for people who embraced Islam in non-Muslim countries ) .
TERMS Validity of Fasting
According to scholars Hanafiyah there are 3 :
b . No one prevented ( such as menstruation and childbirth )
c . Nothing is canceled
According to scholars Malikiyah there are 4 :
b . Sacred from menstruation and childbirth
c . Islam
d . In time and also required a fasting person intelligent .
According to scholars Syafi’iyah there are 4 :
b . rational
c . Of menstruation and childbirth holy day
d . Implemented in time .
( While the ” intention ” , according Syafi’iyah , put pillars of fasting ) .
According to scholars Hanbaleeyyah there are 3 :
b . intention
c . Sacred from menstruation and childbirth
As a further note that :
definition of intention
Confidence heart and the will to perform an act without hesitation .
Is it the intention of including any terms or harmony ?
Basically scholars agree that , the intention must be done in every service , as the words of the Prophet. : “Verily, every action that depends on the intention ” . And in the history of ‘ Aisha , that the Apostle Saw . He said: ” He who has no intention of fasting at night then his fast is considered invalid . ” According to school than Syafi’iyah : ” Intention ” is a requirement , because of the fast and the other is an act of worship performed by a servant sincerely for Allah’s sake only . Keikhalasn here can not be realized unless the intention . The implementation of the ” intention ” to do in the liver is not enough to say in the mouth only.
Terms purification jinabah ( bath junub )
Scholars agree that , people are not required to be fasting for purification jinabah at night , because it does not cover kemungkkinan things that require junub bath ( such as intercourse , wet dreams , menstruation and childbirth ) occurred in the morning . As HR . Aisha and Umm Salmah that : Messenger of Allah . junub bath ( because jima ‘ ) in the morning then he fasted . If anyone junub shower in the morning or someone she has not purification of menstruation ( or parturition ) the next morning and still be considered valid fasting .
Various Kinds of Fasting For Muslims
According to the jurists , fasting existing law specified 4 ( four ) types , namely fasting obligatory , voluntary fasting , fasting and fasting are forbidden makruh .
A. Fasting fard
Fasting is obligatory fasting that must be carried out under the provisions of Islamic Sharia . Which belong to the obligatory fasting include:
a. Fasting the month of Ramadan
Fasting in Ramadan is done by the command of Allah in the Qur’an as follows :
– Yes ayyuhal – ladzîna âmanûkutiba ‘ alaykumush – shiyâmu Kama kutiba ‘ alal – ladzîna min qoblikum la’allakum tattaqûn –
O ye who believe , fasting is obligatory upon you as required above those before you, that you avoid the spiritual and physical evil ( Surat al-Baqara : 183 ) .
– Syahru Romadhônal – ladzî unzila fîhil – qurânu hudal – lin – rice – terminal bayyinâtim wa – hudan wal – Furqan ( i ) . Faman Syahida min ( g ) kumusy – syahro falyashumh ( u ) . wa man ( g ) Kana marîdhon aw ‘ ala safari ( g ) fa’iddatum – min ayyâmin ukhor . Yurîdullohu bikumul – yusro WA yurîdu bikumul – ‘ usro litukmilul wa – ‘ iddata walitukabbirulloha ‘ wa ala mÂ hadâkum la’allakum tasykurûn –
” ( Some days it is specified ) the month of Ramadan , the month in which the derived ( beginning) of the Qur’an as a guidance for mankind and the explanations of the clues and the difference ( between the right and the falsehood ) . Therefore , whoever of you is present ( in the country where he lived ) in the month, let him fast the month , and whoever is ill or on a journey ( then he break ) , then ( subject needs to be fast for him ) , as he left behind the day , on the other days . God desires for you ease , and does not want hardship for you . And be ye therewith number is , and be ye glorify God for His guidance given unto you, that ye may be grateful . ” ( Surat al Baqoroh : 185 )
b . fasting expiation
Fasting is an expiation is fasting as redemption due to the violation of a law or negligence in performing an obligation , thus requiring a believer to do so sins blotted out, a violation of the kafaratnya among others :
If someone breaks his oath and he was not able to feed and clothe ten poor people or freeing a roqobah , then he should fast for three days carry .
If a man kills a believer intentionally when he was not able to pay the blood money ( compensation ) or liberate roqobah then he must fast two consecutive months ( An Nisa : 94 ) .
If deliberately break the fast in Ramadan without any hindrance that has been set, it must pay an expiation by fasting again until even 60 days .
Whoever Hajj along with Umra , then do not get an animal sacrifice , then he should do fasting three days in Mecca and seven days after he got back home . Similarly , if due to a harm ( health reasons and so on ) then shorn hair , ( tahallul ) he had to fast for 3 days .
According to Imam Shafi’i , Maliki and Hanafi :
People who are fasting in a row because of expiation , which is caused by the fasting month of Ramadan , he must not break even one day in the middle of 2 ( two ) months , because that means he has decided to break the continuity of the row . If he break , either due to aging or not , he was obliged to start from scratch again fasting for two consecutive months .
c . fasting Nazar
Fasting is not required by God , so is not disunnahkan by the Prophet . , But the man himself has set it upon himself to clean up ( Tazkiyatun nafs ) or hold a promise to himself that if God has given success in a job , then he would fasted several days . Working votive fasting is mandatory . The days when the vows were set to arrive , then fasting on these days so shall it and if he’s on those days sick or on a journey he must make up the day -to-day and if other fasted amid vows he held off his fast make up the fast answer .
B. voluntary fast
Voluntary fast ( nafal ) is the fast that if done will be rewarded and if it is not done no sin . The voluntary fast , among others :
1 . Fasting six (6 ) days in the month of Shawwal
Sourced from Abu Ayyub Ansari r.a. indeed Allah’s Apostle saw . He said: “Whoever fasted the month of Ramadan , then he menyusulkannya by fasting six days in Shawwal , it is as if – if he fasted for a year ” .
2 . Central fasting month ( 13 , 14 , 15 ) of each month Qomariyah
One day there came seorng Arabdusun on the Prophet. with a rabbit that had been baked . When the rabbit meat was served on him then he saw . just tell the people that are around him saw . to eat , while he himself did not come to eat , as well as the Arab villages are not partake , so he saw . asked him , why do not you go eat ? He answered, ” I am fasting three days each month , then you should do fasting in the white days every month ” . ” If you can do it fast three days every month then you should do fasting in the days of the white on the thirteenth , fourteenth and fifteenth .
3 . Fasting Monday and Thursday .
From ‘A’ishah . Prophet . choose fasting on Monday and Thursday . (Transmitted by Turmudzi )
4 . Fasting the day of Arafah ( 9 Date Dzulhijjah or Hajj )
From Abu Qatadah , the Prophet. He said: ” Fasting the day of Arafah wash away two years , one year ago and the banks have coming year ” (Muslim )
5 . Fasting on Muharram 9 and 10 months .
From Salim , from his father said : the Prophet . said : Asyuro Day ( ie 10th of Muharram ) if someone wants it fast , then fasted on that day .
6 . Fasting as the prophet David . ( one day bepuasa one day break )
Sourced from Abdullah bin Amar ra . He said : Verily the Messenger of Allah said : “Verily, fasting is the most favored by Allah swt . is fasting as the Prophet David . d like the most prayer to God is prayer as the Prophet David . He slept until midnight , then perform worship and rest again on the third he used to sleep , re Prophet David fasted day and not fasting a day . ”
Regarding the issue of David ‘s fasting , the fasting days when hoses go on Friday or in other words get in the fast on Friday , it is permissible . Because the dimakruhkan is fasting on a Friday, which had been planned only on that day alone .
7 . Fasting the month of Rajab , Sha’ban and the sacred months
R.a of Aisha said : Messenger of Allah . fast so we say : he does not break the fast . And he was breaking so we said : he is not fasting . I do not see the Messenger of Allah . perfect except fasting month of Ramadan . And I did not see him fasting more than fasting in the month of Sha’ban .
C. Fasting is makrooh
According to the jurisprudence of 4 ( four ) schools , makruh fasting , among others :
1 . Fasting on Fridays in isolation
Fasting on Fridays legal makruh if fasting was done independently . That is, only specialized Friday just to fast .
From Abu Hurairah ra . said : ” I heard the Holy Prophet . He said: “Do not fast on Friday , but with one day earlier or later . ”
2 . Fasting a day or two days before the month of Ramadan
From Abu Hurayrah from the Prophet r.a . he said: ” Let not any one of you precede Ramadan by fasting a day or two days , but someone who used to fast , then fasted that day . ”
3 . Fasting on the day of offense ( dubious )
Of Shilah bin Zufar said : We are on the side on the day in question Amar Ramadhan her , then brought a goat , then most people away . Then ‘ Ammar said : Whoever fasts these days it means that he disobeyed Abal Qasim saw .
D. Fasting HARAM
Fasting is fasting is forbidden haram in Islam . Fasting is forbidden . Fasts include:
a. Fasting on the two holidays
Servant of Abu Ubaid Ibn Azhar said : I watched the feast ( ie following the Eid prayer ) with Umar bin Khattab ra , then he said : ” It was two days which is prohibited by the Prophet . To work fast , breaking the day of your fast ye all ( 1 Shawwal ) and the other day that you all eat on that day , the worship hajimu . ( Sahih Bukhari , vol III , No.1901 )
b . Fasting with a woman without a husband’s permission
From Abu Hurairah ra . from the Prophet . He said: “There should be a woman to fast while her husband is at home , on a day other than Ramadan , except by permission of her husband . ” [ 13 ] ( Sunan Ibn Majah , volume II , No.1761 )
Dhul-Hijjah (Arabic : ذو الحجة , transliteration : Dhu al-Hijjah ) , is the twelfth and final month in the Hijri calendar . Muslims disagree in determining the beginning of Dhul-Hijjah . Some use reckoning , rukyah , or follow the initial determination of Dhul-Hijjah in Saudi Arabia .
On the 9th of this month , Muslims who perform hajj before staying in Arafah , while not so fast hajj disunahkan Arafat .
On the 10th of this month , Muslims celebrate Eid al- Adha ( in Indonesia known as the feast of the sacrifice )